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2 edition of Biodegradation of Polymers & Synthetic Polymers found in the catalog.

Biodegradation of Polymers & Synthetic Polymers

J. M. Sharpley

Biodegradation of Polymers & Synthetic Polymers

  • 4 Want to read
  • 27 Currently reading

Published by Elsevier Science Publishing Company .
Written in English


The Physical Object
FormatHardcover
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL11607478M
ISBN 100853347085
ISBN 109780853347088
OCLC/WorldCa4579240


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Biodegradation of Polymers & Synthetic Polymers by J. M. Sharpley Download PDF EPUB FB2

Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers, the seventh volume in the Drug Delivery and Targeting book series, provides a source manual for synthetic procedures, properties and applications of bioerodible polymers.

The authors describe widely available materials such as polyactides, collagen and gelatin, as well as polymers of emerging importance, such as the genetically-engineered and elastin-based. Miscellaneous Biopolymers and Biodegradation of Synthetic Polymers (Biopolymers, Vol.

9) [Matsumura, Shuichi, Steinbüchel, Alexander] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Miscellaneous Biopolymers and Biodegradation of Synthetic Polymers (Biopolymers, Vol. 9)Format: Hardcover.

Synthetic polymers susceptible to biodegradation can be of different types, e.g. polymers containing hydrolyzable backbone polyesters. Recent research activity on biodegradable synthetic polymers has often been focused on the simulation of different biopolymers or polymers with degradable backbones, e.g.

polyanhydrides, polycarbonates. Section 3 discusses the surface characterization of degradable polymers, the modeling of biodegradation and non-medical polymers. This book is ideal for researchers from academia and industry as well as chemists, pharmacists and physicians who deal with biopolymers, drug delivery and targeting, bioengineering and implantable by: Section 3 discusses the surface characterization of degradable polymers, the modeling of biodegradation and non-medical polymers.

This book is ideal for researchers from academia and industry as well as chemists, pharmacists and physicians who deal with biopolymers, drug delivery and targeting, bioengineering and implantable devices.5/5(1). Biodegradation of synthetic polymers. Biodegradation is a natural process by which organic chemicals in the environment are converted to simpler compounds, mineralised and redistributed through elemental cycles such as the carbon, nitrogen and sulphur cycles.

Biodegradation can only occur within the biosphere as microorganisms play a. The vast majority of plastic products are made from petroleum-based synthetic polymers that do not degrade in a landfill or in a compost-like environment.

Therefore, the disposal of these products poses a serious environmental problem. An environmentally-conscious alternative is to design/synthesize polymers that are biodegradable. The book presents a true engineering approach for the industry on the processing of biopolymers and biodegradable plastics – discussing the ease of use of the polymer, mechanical and thermal properties, rate of biodegradation in particular environments, Biodegradation of Polymers & Synthetic Polymers book pros and cons of particular bioplastics.

The biodegradation of three synthetic 14 C-labeled polymers [PS, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and phenol formaldehyde] was investigated. The polymers were exposed to 17 fungal species, five groups of soil invertebrates and a variety of mixed microbial communities from sludge, soils, manures, garbage and decaying plastics.

“In short, the handbook is a very good reference for getting information about different types of biodegradable polymers with important examples, synthetic procedures, and application areas, specifically for medicine and biomedical applications.” (Materials Views, 15 July ).

Synthetic Biodegradable Polymers (Advances in Polymer Science Book ) - Kindle edition by Rieger, Bernhard, Künkel, Andreas, Coates, Geoffrey W., Reichardt, Robert, Dinjus, Eckhard, Zevaco, Thomas A. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.

Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Synthetic Biodegradable Polymers Manufacturer: Springer. ().

Assessment of Environmental Biodegradation of Synthetic Polymers. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part C: Vol.

34, No. 1, pp. Synthetic polymers are gradually being replaced by biodegradable materials especially those derived from replenishable, natural resources.

Bioplastics development is just beginning; until now it covers approximately % of Biodegradation of Polymers & Synthetic Polymers book current plastic market, ab t in Europe.

Fig. 1 Key steps in the biodegradation of polymers in soils. Microorganisms colonize the polymer surface and secrete extracellular enzymes that depolymerize the polymer. The formed low–molecular weight hydrolysis products are taken up by the microorganisms and used both for energy production, resulting in the formation of CO 2, and for the synthesis of cellular structures and macromolecules.

Environmentally acceptable degradable polymers have been defined as polymers that degrade in the environment by several mechanisms and culminate in complete biodegradation so that no residue remains in the environment.

The present book gives thorough information to biodegradable plastic and polymers. This is NIIR Project Consultancy Services. Synthetic polymers are designed to retain the biocompatibility of naturally occurring polymers and overcome physicochemical limitations.

The ability to manipulate the chemical composition that impacts solubility, tensile strength, biocompatibility, thermal stability and a myriad of other properties has advanced the field of synthetic polymers.

Many opportunities exist for the application of synthetic biodegradable polymers in the biomedical area particularly in the fields of tissue engineering and controlled drug delivery.

Degradation is important in biomedicine for many reasons. Degradation of the polymeric implant means surgical intervention may not be required in order to remove the implant at the end of its functional life.

Polymers, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Title / Keyword. Author / Affiliation. The book Biodegradable Polymers in Clinical Use and Clinical Development, edited by Abraham J. Domb, Neeraj Kumar, and Aviva Ezra, consists of eighteen chapters covering descriptions of various natural and synthetic polymers mainly focusing on their synthesis, properties, and application in different biomedical fields.

“In short, the handbook is a very good reference for getting information about different types of biodegradable polymers with important examples, synthetic procedures, and application areas, specifically for medicine and biomedical applications.” (Materials Views, 15 July ).

This handbook covers characteristics, processability and application areas of biodegradable polymers, with key polymer family groups discussed. It explores the role of biodegradable polymers in different waste management practices including anaerobic digestion, and considers topics such as the different types of biorefineries for renewable monomers used in.

The large-scale commercial use of synthetic polymers and their disposal in the environment is a phenomenon less than half a century old, a duration which is minuscule in the evolutionary time scale required for microbial evolution on earth. Consequently, unlike their naturally-occurring counterparts, the biopolymers, which enjoyed long-term interactions with the microbial.

The development of bio-based polymers is essential, considering the scale of global environmental pollution that is directly linked to the production of synthetic plastics such as polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (PET).

Globally, million tons of synthetic plastics are produced each year, and less than 9% are recycled. Biodegradable Polymers and Polymer Blends. Introduction. Naturally Occurring Biodegradable Polymers. Biodegradable Polymers Derived from Renewable Resources. Biodegradable Polymers Derived from Petroleum.

Biobased Polymers Derived from Plant Oil. Rosin-Based Epoxy Curing Agents. Concluding Remarks. References. Polymers are one of the most fascinating materials of the present era finding their applications in almost every aspects of life.

Polymers are either directly available in nature or are chemically synthesized and used depending upon the targeted es in polymer science and the introduction of new polymers have resulted in the significant development of polymers.

This book is organized into three sections. Section 1 deals with synthetic absorbable polymers. Section 2 with natural, semi-synthetic and biosynthetic polymers. Sect 3 discusses the surface characterization of degradable polymers, modelling of biodegradation and non-medical polymers.

Vijay Kumar Thakur (Ph.D.) is a Staff Scientist in the School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering at Washington State University, U.S.A. He has published more than research articles, patents and conference proceedings in the field of polymers and materials science and has published ten books and 25 book chapters on the advanced state-of-the-art of polymers/ materials science.

Requirements to assay polymer biodegradation. Polymer degradation proceeds to form new products during the degradation path leading to mineralization which results in the formation of process end-products such as, e.g., CO 2, H 2 O or CH 4.

Oxygen is the required terminal electron acceptor for the aerobic degradation process. Synthetic Biodegradable Polymers Bernhard Rieger, Andreas Künkel, Geoffrey W. Coates, Robert Reichardt, Eckhard Dinjus, Thomas A.

Zevaco Springer Science & Business Media, - Technology & Engineering - pages. File Type PDF Free Biodegradable Polymers Book Free Biodegradable Polymers Biodegradable materials are used in packaging, agriculture, medicine and other areas.

In recent years there has been an increase in interest in biodegradable polymers. Two classes of biodegradable polymers can be distinguished: synthetic or natural polymers. [email protected]; ‐‐‐; GS Polymer Consultants, Eastchurch, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA, Search for more papers by this author.

‎This book focuses on biodegradable polymers that are already in clinical use or under clinical development.

Synthetic and natural polymers will be included. This excludes polymers that have been investigated and did not reach clinical development. The purpose of this book is to provide up.

GET THIS BOOK Biomedical Applications of Hydrogels Handbook. Hydrogels are networks of polymer chains which can produce a colloidal gel containing over 99 per cent water.

The superabsorbency and permeability of naturally occurring and synthetic hydrogels give. Keywords: biodegradation, polymer, biodegradable polymers IPC Code: Int. Cl.7 A01N63/04; C08C; C08F10/02, 12/08, 18/08, /26, /56; C08G18/00, 63/00, 64/00, 65/00, 69/00, 69/14, 73/10 Introduction Approximately million tonnes of synthetic polymers are produced worldwide every year.

Since polymers are extremely stable, their degradation. Biodegradable polymers have experienced strong growth over the last three years and are set to make further inroads into markets traditionally dominated by conventional thermoplastics in future.

Four main classes of biodegradable polymers are analysed in this report, polylactic acid (PLA), starch-based polymers, synthetic biodegradable polymers, such as aromatic aliphatic co-polyesters, and. Biodegradable polymers are a special class of polymer that breaks down after its intended purpose by bacterial decomposition process to result in natural byproducts such as gases (CO 2, N 2), water, biomass, and inorganic salts.

These polymers are found both naturally and synthetically made, and largely consist of ester, amide, and ether functional groups.

The Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications, edited by Andreas Lendlein and Adam Sisson, covers different aspects of biodegradable polymers, such as description and properties of technically relevant natural and synthetic polymers, macromolecular architectures, important application areas like drug.

Recent trends in biodegradable polymers indicate significant developments in terms of novel design strategies and engineering to provide advanced polymers with comparably good performance.

However, there are several inadequacies in terms of either technology or cost of production especially in the case of applications in environmental pollution. So, there is a need to have a fresh. The use of polymeric materials in medical devices and pharmaceutical applications has been extended in the last decades.

Biodegradable implantable polymers for tissue engineering and drug release have the advantage to avoid a permanent and chronic immune response, and to avoid removal surgery; moreover the versatility of polymeric materials aloud the design of specific biodegradable.

Natural and synthetic polymers represent a challenging source of raw materials to harvest and control in our environment. All polymeric materials eventually deteriorate and degrade over time due to changes in the inter‐ or intramolecular bonding resulting from biological and/or environmental exposure.

Synthetic polymers are those which are human-made polymers. Polymers are those which consists of repeated structural units known as monomers.

Polyethylene is considered to be as one of the simplest polymer, it has ethene or ethylene as the monomer unit whereas the linear polymer is known as the high density polyethylene-HDPE.Purchase Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers - 1st Edition.

Print Book & E-Book. ISBNapplication, etc. Generally, biodegradable polymers are classified according to their origin into two groups: natural polymers which obtained from natural resources and synthetic polymers which produced from oil. Natural biodegradable polymers Biopolymers are polymers formed in .